UNESCO World Heritage List2020-03-09T14:57:34+00:00

UNESCO World Heritage List

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) wants to identify, protect and preserve cultural and natural heritage around the world. Places unique and diverse all over the world make up our world’s heritage.

In Poland a lot of  tourist sights have already gained a worldwide reputation, but 16 of them are on the World Heritage List of UNESCO

Cracow – The Old Town and Kazimierz district

The Old Town of Krakow, the former Polish capital has the largest  market in Europe, numerous historic tenement houses, well-equipped palaces and churches, the medieval Kazimierz district with historic synagogues, the Jagiellonian University and the Gothic cathedral where the Polish kings are buried.

The Royal Salt Mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia

The Mines  have been exploited since the 13th century. In Wieliczka are 9 levels and  360 km of sidewalks with altars, statues and other works of art carved in salt. In Bochnia a valuable legacy of the spiritual culture of Bochnia miners are underground chapels and places of religious worship.

Auschwitz-Birkenau – german NAZI concentration camp

It was the largest “death factory” in the history of humanity and silence witness of human tragedy. 1.5 million people were starved, tortured and murdered here, for the most part Jews.

The Bialowieza Forest

This place is in the list in two countries – ours and Belarius. It is a vast stretch of the original forest with both coniferous and deciduous trees. It is a unique place of biodiversity. There is the largest population of European bison here.

Warsaw – the Old Town

During World War II, over 85% of the Old Town buildings were destroyed by Nazi troops. After the war, by the will of the society, a five-year reconstruction work was undertaken. This is a unique example of the almost complete reconstruction of monuments from an unbroken historical sequence from the 13th to the 20th century.

Zamosc – the Old Town

The city was founded in the 16th century as a model of the ideal city. It is a perfect example of a Renaissance city, which has retained its original plan, fortifications and numerous buildings combining Italian and Central European architectural traditions.

Torun – the medieval town complex

Toruń was founded in the mid-13th century by the Teutonic Order. It was a river port city of a great importance. His rank is demonstrated by numerous magnificent 14th and 15th century public and private buildings (including the Copernicus House) and city gates overlooking the Vistula River.

Malbork – the Teutonic Castle

This is an excellent example of a medieval brick castle. It was the seat of the Grand Master of the Order. It is the largest building of this type in Poland.

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska – architectural and landscape complex as well as a pilgrim park

This place is a combination of cultural landscape with spiritual pronunciation. Chapels relating to the Passion and life of the Mother of God are inscribed in the natural surroundings. It is an almost unchanged space since the 17th century, which is still a pilgrimage destination.

Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica

They are the largest skeletal wooden religious buildings in Europe, which were built in Silesia in the mid-seventeenth century. They are a place of Lutheran worship and although their construction was limited by political and material conditions, they delight with their size and beautiful finish.

Wooden churches of southern Lesser Poland – Binarowa, Blizne, Dębno, Haczów, Lipnica Murowana, Sękowa

The framework technique used in the construction of these churches was widespread in Northern and Eastern Europe since the Middle Ages. Churches arose from the foundation of noble families and were a symbol of prestige. They were an interesting alternative to brick buildings erected in cities.

Muskau Park – Polish-German cross-border facility

A huge space created in the 19th century in the estates of Prince Muskau. The park initiated a new approach in landscape design and influenced the development of landscape architecture in Europe and America. Local plants was used here to emphasize the values of the existing landscape.

Wroclaw – the Centennial Hall

It is a breakthrough in the history of architecture using reinforced concrete. Built at the beginning of the 20th century on a circular plan, it was a multifunctional building. Its dome rises to 23 m and in the audience can seat 6,000 people.

Wooden churches in the Polish and Ukrainian Carpathian region

The entry includes 16 selected churches, of which eight are located in Poland and eight in Ukraine. The churches were built from the 16th to the 19th century as temples of the Orthodox and Greek Catholic communities. They testify to separate building traditions rooted in the tradition of the Eastern Church. They contain elements of local construction and symbolic references to a given community.

Tarnowskie Góry – the Ore Miine of lead, silver and zinc and a groundwater management system

The facility includes an entire underground mine with adits, shafts, galleries and a groundwater management system that has been discharged to the surface for 300 years. This water was used to supply the city with drinking water and for industrial use. Source

Krzemionki Opatowskie – the region of prehistoric striped flint mining

This place in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains is associated with mining in the Neolithic and Bronze Age (circa 39000 to 1600 years BC), when striped flint was mined and processed here, mainly used for making tools. It is one of the most fully preserved neolithic underground mining systems and flint treatment. Source

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